White Deer Land Museum

Pampa Laid Out In 1902

After Russell Benedict returned to New York from his visit to inspect White Deer Lands and adjacent territory in November, 1901, he worked out in his New York office a detailed plat of the townsite of Pampa . He sent the plat to George Tyng and requested Tyng to get James L. Gray of Panhandle to make a survey of the site.

Photo of Eloise Lane

Eloise Lane

Gray certified his survey in February, 1902, and it was filed and recorded in Roberts County on April 14, 1902. ( Gray County was attached to Roberts County on that date.)

The town was laid out parallel to the railroad; therefore streets run northwest-southeast and avenues run northeast-southwest. However, streets are known as north-south and avenues as east-west.

The original site of 38 blocks was bounded by Atchison on the south, Wynne on the east, Browning on the north and West on the west.

From West Street going east, streets are named:

Gray – for Peter W. Gray, prominent Texas legislator

Somerville – for David Somerville, manager of the Matadors who were leasing from White Deer Lands

Frost – for an official in the New York law office attending to White Deer Lands

Russell – for Russell Benedict, assistant to Foster in New York office

Cuyler (main Street) – for Cornelius C. Cuyler, trustee for White Deer Lands

Ballard – for an official in the New York office

Gillespie – for an early cattleman (? J.L. Gillespie of Carson County )

Houston – for Sam Houston, Texas hero

Starkweather – for the superintendent of the Southern Kansas Railroad

Wynne – for J.S. Wynne, early pioneer who was a good friend of George Tyng

From the railroad going north, avenues are named:

Atchison – for a founder of the Atchison , Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company

Foster – for Frederic de Peyster Foster, trustee for White Deer Lands

Kingsmill – for Andrew Kingsmill,, London banker who represented the bond holders of White Deer Lands

Francis – for Francis Tyng, youngest of the three sons of George Tyng

Browning for J.N. Browning, District Judge

Street numbers begin at the intersection of Cuyler Street and Foster Avenue with even numbers on the right and uneven numbers on the left. (Cuyler and Foster were trustees for the British bond holders because, at that time, aliens could not own land in Texas ).

The first sale of town lots in Pampa was to Thomas Lane by contract No.1 for two lots at a cost of $60 on May 24, 1902. Lane, who had previously built a house at this location, had asked to buy the land, but the company did not want to sell lots until it had decided to establish a town.

The second transaction involved the sale of 12 business lots on 25 foot frontage to the Johnson Mercantile Company of Canadian at $125.

In an envelope postmarked June 2, 1937, at Victoria , Texas , Dr. George McAlpine Tyng, middle son of George Tyng, sent a map to J.S. Wynne with this notation:

Mr. J.S. Wynne from Geo. McA. Tyng:
This map shows the first lots sold in Pampa , Tx. and the red ink writing is that of George Tyng, my father.”

On May 21, 1970. Wynne’s daughter, Beryl Wynne (Mrs. De Lea) Vicars, donated the map to the White Deer Land Museum .

The map shows:
Block 3 – Lots 1, 2, 3, 4 – White Deer Lands
Block 5 – Lots 7, 8-Crawford
Block 6 – Lots 13, 14, 15, 16 – stable
03/20/00Lot 17 – Whatley
03/20/00Lots 23, 24 – Thomas Lane
Block 12 – Lot 1 and part of Lot 2 – Stroope
Lot 4 well
03/20/00Lots 11, 12 – Kingsmill
Block 13 – Lots 1, 2 – Stroope
03/20/00Lots 19, 20 – Meers
Block 15 – Lots 13 through 24 – Johnson Mercantile Company
Block 16 – Lots 20 through 24 – White Deer Lands
Block 22 – Reserved (for courthouse)
Block 29 – Reserved (for school)

Albert Square (present location of Pampa ‘s city hall and fire station) was named for Albert de Peyster Foster, brother of Frederic.

The intended use for the reserved spaces south of Block 3 and of Albert Square is not known.

Over 200 Articles, written by Eloise Lane, were published in the Pampa News. These articles may be accessed by clicking on each section below. A list of articles will be revealed that are linked to a page containing the text of the article.

Closed Accordian Default Hidden

Your content goes here. Edit or remove this text inline or in the module Content settings. You can also style every aspect of this content in the module Design settings and even apply custom CSS to this text in the module Advanced settings.

error: Content is protected !!